Many people assume that assault and battery are one and the same. Though they can occur within a single incident, assault and battery are two separate and distinct crimes. In certain jurisdictions, assault and battery are often paired together as one offense, based on the assumption that when someone commits battery they usually have the intent to assault; assault being the intention to do harm and make threats prior to committing the physical act.
A case of battery involves an offender making intentional and harmful or offensive contact with a victim who did not consent to the contact. Keep in mind that the victim does not need to be physically harmed or injured for battery to take place.