Many people assume that assault and battery are the same thing. Assault and battery, though they often occur within a single incident, are two separate and distinct crimes. In certain jurisdictions, assault and battery are often paired together as one offense, based on the assumption that when someone commits battery they usually have the intent to assault; assault being the intention to do harm and make threats prior to committing the physical act.
A case of battery requires that one individual (the offender) makes intentional and harmful or offensive contact with another (the victim), and that the victim did not consent to this contact. Keep in mind that it is not necessary that the victim is physically harmed or injured, only that the offender intended for it to take place.